Publication Ethics and Malpractice

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Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

The Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement (JHEOE) adheres to a specific code of conduct which requires compliance to best practice guidelines in the management of the Journal.  What follows are ethics and malpractice standards and responsibilities for the editor and associate editors, reviewers, and authors (Committee on Publication Ethics, 2011).


Editor’s Responsibilities


Publication decisions 

The editor of the JHEOE is responsible for deciding which of the manuscripts submitted to the Journal are published.  These decisions may be guided by the policies established by the Journal’s editorial board and associate editors.  The decision will be based on the manuscript’s originality, quality of research, and relevancy to the Journal’s mission.


Legal requirements

Current legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, intellectual property, privacy laws, and plagiarism will be followed.  An editor and any editorial staff will evaluate manuscripts based on their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.


Academic Misconduct

The editor of the JHEOE will respond to and assess all allegations or suspicions of research, publication, or other academic misconduct raised by readers, reviewers, or other editors. Such misconduct may include but is not limited to plagiarism, duplicate or redundant publication, and unethical publishing behavior. Every reported act of academic misconduct will be investigated, regardless of when it is occurred or is discovered.



The editor and any editorial staff will not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.


Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript will not be used by the editor or any member of the editorial board for their own research purposes without the author’s explicit written consent.


Reviewers’ Responsibilities


Contribution to Editorial Decisions 

The peer-review process assists the editor in making editorial decisions and may also assist the author in improving the article, through the JHEOE’s communications with the author.



Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse herself from the review process.



Any manuscripts received for review will be treated as confidential documents.  They must not be shown to or discussed with others, except as authorized by the editor.


Standards of Objectivity 

Reviews should be conducted objectively.  Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate.

Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.


Acknowledgement of Sources  

Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors.  Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation.  Reviewers will notify the editor attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published article of which they have personal knowledge.


Disclosure and Conflict of Interest 

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage.  Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the articles.


Authors’ Responsibilities


Reporting Standards  

Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance.  Underlying data should be represented accurately in the article.  An article should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work.  Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.


Data Access and Retention 

Authors could be requested to provide the raw data in connection with an article for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data (consistent with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if practicable, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.


Originality, Plagiarism, and Acknowledgement of Sources 

Authors will submit only entirely original works, and will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the work should also be cited.


Protection of Human Subjects

Manuscripts of research or other studies that include human subjects must include a statement verifying that the research secured the protection of human subjects and that the study was approved by an accredited human subjects institutional review board or equivalent.


Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication 

In general, authors should not publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication.  Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Manuscripts that have been published as copyrighted material elsewhere cannot be resubmitted to JHEOE for review or publication.  In addition, authors may not resubmit manuscripts to another publication while the manuscripts are under review by the JHEOE.  Authors may resubmit manuscripts to other publications only after they receive written notice that their manuscripts have not been accepted for publication in the JHEOE.


Acknowledgement of Sources 

Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given.  Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.


Authorship of the Article 

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported project or study, and/or have contributed substantive content to the final manuscript.  All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. For individuals who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.  The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors are included on the article, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of it, and have agreed to its submission for publication.


Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest 

All authors will disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript.  All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.


Fundamental Errors in Published Works 

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the article.


Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). (2011, March 7). Code of conduct and best-practices    guidelines for journal editors. Retrieved from conduct.

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement. Editorial Policies. Journal or Arts and Humanities. Retrieved from

27 April 2015