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JOURNAL SECTION GUIDELINES

Articles, 5000-7000 words
Double-blind peer-reived articles that analyze appropriation as a process of collaboration with Shakespeare, and to that end seek work that either demonstrates something new both about Shakespeare and about the field of appropriation or that works with Shakespeare to extend theories of adaptation and appropriation. Editors will send submissions to reviewers with expertise in both fields on inquiry, for example, to a Shakespearean and a Film Studies scholar. 

Appropriations in Performance, 5000-7000 words
Thesis-driven essays on a specific performed Shakespeare appropriation. Appropriations may inclue live theatre, dance, or musical performances. Articles in this section are reviewed by the section editor and an outside reviewer when appropriate. 

Digital Appropriations, 5000-7000 words
Thesis-driven essays on a digital Shakespeare appropriation. Appropriations may include webistes, video games, or social media accounts. Articles in this section are reviewed by the section editor and an outside reviewer when appropriate.

Notes, 2000-3000 words
Short, thesis-driven essays interested in Shakespeare ephemera, the everyday, lost or forgotten Shakespeare appropriations. Notes are reviewed by the section editor or an outside reviewer when appropriate. 

Clusters, two or more articles
We welcome proposals for essay-clusters on a related theme by groups of scholars. If you would like to propose an essay-cluster for a general or a special issue, please send manuscripts to the editors, preferably along with the name of another scholar to introduce the cluster. Essay-clusters are subject to the same double-blind peer-review process as articles. 

 

ONLINE PUBLICATION GUIDELINES
1. Multimedia: As a digital publication, B&L encourages authors to utilize multimedia (images, sound clips, video) in their essays. Please indicate within the text where figures appear by numbering and including a caption. Attach all multimedia in your submission. Name your files with your last name and the figure number: AuthorLast_Fig#. 
2. Sub-headings: We ask our readers to include subheadings about every five pages for optimal online reading. 
3. Short paragraphs: We encourage authors to break up long paragraphs. Escshew the single-sentence journalistic paragraph, however. 3-5 sentence paragraphs work well on screen. Writers may break up longer paragraphs with images, sound clips, or other multimedia. Avoid beginning a new paragraph after a block (indented) quotation.
4. Strip out special characters. For mark-up and online publication, we require plain text: please strip out "curly" quotation marks and apostrophes, em-dashes, "live" hyperlinks, ordinals, and other special characters, apart from necessary diacriticals.
5. Minimize discursive notes. Please try to integrate your argument into the main body of your paper rather than keeping substantive matter in the notes. 

DOCUMENTATION
1. Style:  B&L uses The Chicago Manual of Style, 14th or 15th edition, with a preference for parenthetical citations using the author-date -page number system. 
2. Citations: We prefer, where possible, parenthetical citations using the author-date-page number system, e.g., Fineman, taking a world-historical point of view, hypothesizes that "Shakespeare marks the beginning of the modernist self and Freud . . . its end, the two of them together thus bracketing an epoch of subjectivity" (Fineman 1986, 47); but Sinfield largely avoids the issue, asserting a "sufficient continuity" between these understandings (Sinfield 1992, 60), while insisting that what has been the problem all along is, not selfhood, but essentialist humanism, the way in which we interpret selfhood. Please reserve endnotes for substantive explanatory comments. We prefer endnotes created through a word processor's endnote function, but can also work with endnotes collected in a separate document. For two authors with the same surname, include first initial in parenthetical citations. For two or more works by a single author, include author, date and page number: e.g., (Sinfield 1985, 72). For two or more works by a single author published in the same year, allot a letter to each work published in the same year, in alphabetical order: e.g., (Nisenson 2000a, 202).
3. Quotations: For poetry of three or more lines and prose quotations of four or more lines, use indented block quotations. Shorter quotations may be included in the body of the essay as inline quotations.
4. Languages: While some foreign words or phrases may be utilized in the text (and may be italicized), the article otherwise should be entirely in English. If your text includes quotations in a language other than English, use authoritative translations (or your own), followed by English translation in parentheses. Identify the translators in the footnotes. The titles of books and articles in languages other than English should be followed immediately by their English translations in parentheses. Adhere strictly to the conventions of any foreign language you use; we depend on you for accuracy. Please use American rather than British spelling except in quotations.

FORMAT
Font: Use Times Roman 12 (non-proportional) font.
Margins: Set at 1-inch right, left, top, and bottom. Do not justify right margin. Do not set widow/orphan protection.
Line Spacing: Double space (2 line spaces) entire manuscript, including notes and block quotes.
Page Numbers: Number pages in upper right corner, beginning with page 2 (suppress page 1 number). Otherwise, use no running head.
Paragraphs: Use Tab key to indent paragraphs. Use automatic (soft) return within each paragraph (use hard return only for paragraph end). Use 1 hard return at the end of each paragraph. Use 2 hard returns only between sections.
Character Spacing: Use 1 space after periods, colons, commas and semicolons. To create a dash, type 2 hyphens with one space before the preceding word and one space after the following word. To type an ellipsis, type a space between each of the 3 periods and between the preceding and following words. In the case of an ellipsis following a period, do not put a space between the period and the preceding word. Do not worry about an ellipsis breaking at the end of a line.
Hyphenation: Do not use automatic hyphenation. Do not hyphenate end-of-line words unless they are normally hyphenated.